Alligator Bioscience Starts a Clinical Phase 1 Multicenter Trial in Advanced Solid Tumors with the CD40 Agonistic Immuno-Oncology Antibody ADC-1013
April 7, 2015 – Alligator Bioscience AB, a privately held Swedish biotech company developing immuno-oncology antibodies for directed immunotherapy of cancer, today announced initiation of a phase 1 clinical trial of ADC-1013 for patients with advanced solid tumor disease. ADC-1013 is an agonistic fully human monoclonal antibody targeting CD40, an immunostimulatory receptor found on antigen-presenting cells such as dendritic cells. Stimulation of CD40 on dendritic cells initiates a process leading to a dramatic increase in T effector cells attacking the tumor. In addition, a tumor-specific memory is established leading to long term immunity to the cancer.
“This is a very important milestone for Alligator Bioscience” said Peter Benson, Chairman of the Board of Directors. “ADC-1013 has a very strong pre-clinical data package that gives high hopes for impressive clinical efficacy as well as an excellent safety profile that would allow combinations with other immune-oncology antibodies”.
The phase 1 trial is a first-in-human, multicenter, open-label, multiple ascending dose study in patients with advanced solid tumors to determine the safety, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of intratumorally administered ADC-1013. The study includes a dose escalation part followed by an expansion at the optimal biological dose level. The primary endpoints are to identify the maximum tolerated dose and to study the safety and tolerability of ADC-1013. In addition, the trial will evaluate pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, pharmacodynamics, antitumor activity, as well as mechanism of action of ADC-1013. The study will enroll up to 40 patients during the dose escalation and expansion phases at five centers in the United Kingdom, Denmark and Sweden. The study is managed by the international oncology contract research organization Theradex.
ADC-1013 has been developed in close collaboration with Professor Thomas Tötterman, Uppsala University, Sweden. Professor Tötterman is a pioneer in directed immunotherapy of cancer, a concept where the immune system is selectively activated locally in the tumor microenvironment in order to reduce systemic side effects while optimizing systemic anti-tumor effects. Professor Tötterman´s group has performed a number of successful in-vivo experiments demonstrating the powerful immune mediated anti-tumor effects of ADC-1013. The pre-clinical assessment of ADC-1013 indicates a favorable tolerability profile, which is likely to be further improved by the intratumoral route of administration in the first clinical trial. Manufacturing of ADC-1013 was performed by Cobra Biologics, using the maxXpress platform and the Ubiquitous Chromatin Opening Element (UCOE) technology, and by BioInvent International, who performed process development and manufacturing of the non-GMP and GMP batches.