ADC-1013 (mitazalimab): Clinical drug candidate
ADC-1013 is an agonistic – or stimulatory – antibody that targets CD40, a receptor in the dendritic cells of the immune system, which are the cells that detect enemies such as cancer cells. ADC-1013’s activation of CD40 enables dendritic cells to stimulate the immune response’s weapons more effectively – in this case, T cells – allowing the immune system to selectively attack the cancer. ADC-1013 has been optimized using Alligator’s unique FIND technology, with the aim of improving binding affinity. This makes it possible to achieve efficacy with very low doses. In preclinical experimental models, ADC-1013 has been shown to induce a potent tumor-targeted immune response and provide long-lasting tumor immunity. In addition, preclinical data have demonstrated how ADC-1013 can be used against multiple types of cancer.
To date, the clinical program has comprised two Phase I studies. The first study was conducted by Alligator with a focus on intratumoral administration. The results showed that clinically relevant doses of mitazalimab are well-tolerated (International Journal of Cancer https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc). Promising safety and tolerability data from a second Phase I clinical study with mitazalimab in cancer patients was presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting in Chicago on May 31-June 4, 2019. The study showed that the adverse effects were mostly mild and transient. The study comprised a total of 95 patients. Doses of up to 1200 μg/kg i.v. with no premedication, and up to 2000 μg/kg with premedication proved safe and tolerable. The results also gave signs of clinical activity. Partial response was observed in one renal cancer patient, while 10 patients showed disease stability for at least six months.
In August 2015, Alligator outlicensed the global development and commercialization rights of ADC-1013 to Janssen Biotech, Inc. As of October 28, 2019 Alligator regained all rights for development and commercialization. Under the license agreement Alligator received USD 46 million in upfront and milestone payments.